In conclusion, if this study proves anything, it is that generalities and assumptions cannot be made in regards to history, especially the history of the Civil War. In the Appalachian Mountains there were people from many different backgrounds with many different beliefs, and this is just a subdivision of a much broader Southern region. The independence and isolationist mentality exhibited by mountain people, as well as their unique lifestyles show the diversity of not only our country during this time but of sections of our country.
The people of Appalachia are often overlooked and stereotyped in history, especially the history of the Civil War; however, they cannot be categorized with other Southerner’s when discussing themes of slavery, politics, and ideology. It appears that the Appalachia region was a whole different world within the South, yet to label all mountain people of the time as the same is a false claim. A study of these people shows that true divisions were between socioeconomic classes, and that regional conflict was a result of this. The people of Appalachia developed a unique culture, which though possibly similar to others, does not represent the South as a whole during the antebellum period. Feelings of mountaineers represented the ways in which they saw themselves. To the rich this could portray a connection to the Confederacy, yet for the poor it often reflected feelings of isolation and independence, feelings that did not coincide with Confederate ideology of dependence upon a slaveholding elite. This study proves that socioeconomic differences are much better indicators of ideology and beliefs over anything else. A geographic explanation of the thoughts and feelings of these people seems likely only because the western region was poorer. Through a closer examination, it is truly one’s socioeconomic status which determined opinions and beliefs.