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Primary Sources

“Argument in the Impeachment Trial of W.W. Holden, Governor of North Carolina.” North Carolina Digital Collections, 2014. 

"Harper's Weekly." HarpWeek.

Holden, W. W., Horace W. Raper, and Thornton W. Mitchell. The Papers of William Woods Holden. Raleigh: Division of Archives and History, N.C. Dept. of Cultural Resources, 2000. 

"Memoirs of W. W. Holden." Documenting the American South, 2014. 

North Carolina Newspapers. “The Standard (Concord, N.C.).” 

Secondary Sources

Brisson, Jim D. "Civil Government Was Crumbling Around Me": The Kirk-Holden War of 1870." North Carolina Historical Review 88, no. 2 (April 2011): 123-163. America: History & Life, EBSCOhost.

Folk, Edgar E., and Bynum Shaw. W.W. Holden A Political Biography. Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, 1982. 

Hahn, Steven. A Nation Under Our Feet: Black Political Struggles in the Rural South, from Slavery to the Great Migration. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003. 

Horn, Stanley F. Invisible Empire: The Story of the Ku Klux Klan, 1866-1871. 2d ed. Montclair, N.J.: Patterson Smith, 1969.

Trelease, Allen W. White Terror: the Ku Klux Klan Conspiracy and Southern Reconstruction. [1st ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. 

Zuber, Richard L.. North Carolina During Reconstruction. Raleigh: State Dept. of Archives and History, 1969.