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Primary Sources

"A Word to Disunionists." Salisbury Carolina Watchman. February 26, 1861.

"Democrats are you Ready?" Raleigh Weekly Standard. October 31, 1860.

"Election of Lincoln and Hamlin!" Fayetteville Observer. November 8, 1860.

Ellis, John W. "Reply by Governor Ellis to request by United States Secretary of War for troops from North Carolina." April 14, 1861. North Carolina Digital Archive. (accessed April 7, 2013).

"Glorious News!--The Union Saved!" Fayetteville Observer. February 28, 1861.

"Hostilities Commenced." Fayetteville Observer. April 18, 1861.

"If the Union has prevailed..." Raleigh Weekly Standard. March 6, 1861.

Lincoln, Abraham. "Monday, April 15, 1861 (Proclamation on State Militia)." Art and History. United States Senate. (accessed March 18, 2013). 

"North Carolina and Secession." Raleigh Standard. April 4, 1861.

"Our Position." Salisbury Carolina Watchman. April 23, 1861.

"Presidential Election." Salisbury Carolina Watchman. November 13, 1860.

"Rumors From Washington." Raleigh Weekly Standard. April 17, 1861.

"The Disunion Faction." Salisbury Carolina Watchman. April 9, 1861.

"The Disunion Programme." Raleigh Weekly Standard. February 27, 1861.

"To the Union Men of North Carolina." Fayetteville Observer. April 4, 1861.

"We must Fight!" Raleigh Weekly Standard. April 24, 1861.

Secondary Sources

Allen, T. Harrell. "North Carolina Newspapers and Secession." In Words at War: The Civil War and American Journalism, edited by David B. Sachsman, S. Kittrell Rushing, and Roy Morris Jr., 125-134. West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press, 2008.

Brown, David. "North Carolinian Ambivalence: Rethinking Loyalty and Disaffection in the Civil War Piedmont." In North Carolinians in the Era of the Civil War and Reconstruction, edited by Paul D. Escott, 7-36. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2008.

Reynolds, Donald E. Editors Make War: Southern Newspapers in the Secession Crisis. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1966.