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  • Tags: Military Authority

William Tecumseh Sherman, 1820-1891

William Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) was a major-general in the Union Army during the Civil War. Sherman gained success in the Western Theater and oversaw the Military Division of the Mississippi after Ulysses S. Grant was promoted to the head of…

Amnesty Petition of John Newland Maffitt, June 1, 1867

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Wilmington N.C.
June 1st 1867

To his Excellency
Andrew Johnson President of the United States

The petition of John N Maffitt of North Carolina for pardon under the Proclamation of your Excellency of May 1865 respectfully represents that he is…

Amnesty Petition of Richard B. Lee, June 12, 1865

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Richard B. Lee was excluded from amnesty due to the fact that he resigned his commission in the US Army and went on to serve as Lieutenant Colonel in the Confederate Army. Lee underscored his meritorious service in the US Army prior to the Civil War,…

Richard B. McCaslin, "The Last Stronghold" (2003)


Recognizing the importance of Wilmington, Union blockaders sought to prevent ships from reaching the port since the summer of 1861, though to no avail. The first Federal ship, the Daylight, arrived in July 1861. This tiny vessel was soon disabled,…

Amnesty Petition of Richard C. Gatlin, June 8, 1865

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Richard C. Gatlin was excluded from amnesty under the third, fifth, and eighth provisions of Johnson's Amnesty Proclamation of 1865. He had been educated at West Point, left the US Army, and served as Brigadier General in the Confederate Army. Gatlin…

Amnesty Petition of Robert D. Johnston, September 1, 1865 Johnston P1.jpg
As a brigadier general, Robert Johnston commanded an infantry company under Beauregard at the Battle of Manassas, and was excluded from amnesty under the third provision. Johnston explained that he acted on a sense of duty because he believed North…

Amnesty Petition of Robert Vance, July 1865 Vance p1.jpg
Robert Vance was excluded under the third provision of Andrew Johnson's Amnesty Proclamation of 1865, and served as a brigadier general during the war. Vance endeavored to show that before Lincoln's call for troops to "suppress the insurrectionary…

Rod Gragg, "Confederate Goliath" (1991)


“Fort Fisher was the strongest fort in the South,” proclaimed the New York Tribune. “Now for the first time is a really formidable earthwork carried by a direct assault, and in a military view, therefore, the storming of Fort Fisher…

Summary Report, Claim of William Britton, June 11 1872


The claimant was 18 years of age when the war ended. He does not prove his loyalty although old enough for a soldier- testifies for himself, but does not ever say his sympathies- were with the union cause- He claims under his grandfather's will, who…

Amnesty Petition of Theophelius H. Holmes, June 6, 1865 Holmes P1.jpg
Former Confederate General Theophelius Holmes had been educated at West Point and resigned his commission in the US Army to serve the Confederacy. Thus, he was excluded under the third, fifth and eighth provisions of Johnson's Amnesty Proclamation of…