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Letter of William T. Sherman to James M. Calhoun, E.E. Rawson, and S.C. Wells, September 12, 1864


Headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, in the Field, Atlanta, Georgia, September 12, 1864. James M. Calhoun, Mayor, E.E. Rawson, S.C. Wells, representing City Council of Atlanta. Gentlemen, I have your letter of the 11th, in the nature…

Archer Jones, "Military Means, Political Ends" (1992)


During the early winter of 1863-64, Grant completed the formulation of a new strategy, one in which the Union would give up its reliance on the persisting strategy of territorial conquest but still pursue its logistic strategy of crippling the…

Diary of G.S. Bradley, November 19, 1864

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November 19. Broke camp about daylight, and after marching a short distance, were ordered to halt and tear up and burn the railroad track. The entire forenoon was spent in this manner, the track being torn up as far as Madison. It was quite…

Letter of William J. Hardee to William T. Sherman, December 17, 1864

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Headquarters Department South Carolina Georgia, and Florida, Savannah, Georgia, December 17, 1864. Major-General W.T. Sherman, commanding Federal Forces near Savannah, Georgia. General: I have to acknowledge the receipt of a communication from you…

Letter of William T. Sherman to Henry Halleck, December 24, 1864


Headquarters military Division of the Mississippi, In the Field, Savannah, Ga., December 24, 1864 Maj. Gen. H.W. Halleck, Chief of Staff, Washington City, D.C.: General: I had the pleasure to receive your two letters of the 16th and 18th…

Diary of Anna Maria Green, November 25, 1864

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. . . . This morning the last of the vandals left our city and burned the bridge after them - and leaving suffering and desolation behind them, and embittering every heart. The worst of their acts was committed to poor Mrs. Nichols. Violence done,…

Diary of Mary Ann Jones, January 7, 11, 1865


January 7, 1865 . . . . To obtain a mouthful of food we have been obliged to cook in what was formerly our drawing room, and I have to rise every morning by candle light before the dawn of day, that we may have it before the enemy arrives to take it…

Diary of Frances Howard, January 21, 1865


Saturday, January 21st . . . . A lady was passing the general’s office when, noticing the United States flag stretched above the sidewalk, she stepped down into the sand to avoid passing under it. The guard called to her to walk under the…

Diary of George Nichols, January 30, 1865

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January 30th-The actual invasion of South Carolina has begun. The 17th Corps and that portion of the 15th which came around by way of Thunderbolt Beaufort moved out this morning, on parallel roads, in the direction of McPhersonville. The 17th Corps…

Memoirs of William T. Sherman, ca. 1865

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….It seemed to me then that the terrible energy they had displayed in the earlier stages of the war was beginning to yield to the slower but more certain industry and discipline of our Northern men. It was to me manifest that soldiers and…