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Diary of G.S. Bradley, November 19, 1864

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November 19. Broke camp about daylight, and after marching a short distance, were ordered to halt and tear up and burn the railroad track. The entire forenoon was spent in this manner, the track being torn up as far as Madison. It was quite…

Diary of George Nichols, January 30, 1865

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January 30th-The actual invasion of South Carolina has begun. The 17th Corps and that portion of the 15th which came around by way of Thunderbolt Beaufort moved out this morning, on parallel roads, in the direction of McPhersonville. The 17th Corps…

Diary of George Nichols, March 12, 1865

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Fayetteville, March 12th.— This morning, the two flanking corps of the grand army, who had not seen each other for six weeks, met in the streets of Fayetteville. They met as soldiers love best to meet brave comrades, on a battle-field; for the…

Diary of George Nichols, March 8, 1865

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The line which divides South from North Carolina was passed by the army this morning. It was not in our imagination alone that we could at once see the difference between the two states. The soil is not superior to that near Cheraw, but the farmers…

Diary of Mary Ann Jones, January 7, 11, 1865

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January 7, 1865 . . . . To obtain a mouthful of food we have been obliged to cook in what was formerly our drawing room, and I have to rise every morning by candle light before the dawn of day, that we may have it before the enemy arrives to take it…

Diary of Mrs. "H.J.B.," February 9, 1865

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As I made my way to the fireplace my attention was attracted to one of the officers who sat in the corner with a map open on his knee. From the pictures I had from time to time seen of him I knew at once that this was General Sherman. I determined…

Diary of Thomas Osborn, February 17, 1865

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Columbia, S.C.February 17, 1865 This day has been the most eventful one to us of the campaign, and one which the historian of South Carolina cannot forget. This morning Columbia was a beautiful little city, tonight it is a “Sea of…

Diary of Thomas Osborn, March 8, 1865

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Laurel HillRichmond Co., N.C.March 8, 1865There is little of interest today, we have moved fifteen miles through a fine country, well cultivated, and affording plenty of forage. It has rained all day, the roads would have been good but for the rain;…

Drew Gilpin Faust, The Creation of Confederate Nationalism:  Ideology and Identity in the Civil War South (1988)

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Curiously, historians have tended to understate the importance of slavery within southern consciousness during the war. In part, this may be because in postbellum decades many southerners themselves disavowed slavery as a major cause of the…

Endor Iron Works Ledger, 1864-1868

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4/11, Payroll: $426.00, Expenses: $2986.93, Sales: 10036 lbs. pig iron at $.50/lb ($5018.00)
4/30, Payroll: $967.35, Expenses: $4793.37
5/11, Payroll: $546.67, Expenses: $225.00, Sales: 43598 lbs ($21,799.00)
5/17, Payroll: $1357.11, Expenses:…